Acne also known as pimples is a condition commonly encountered in teenagers between age 15 to 25 years.


  • Increase in Oil production by the oil glands of skin.
  • Blockage of the skin pores by the dead cells.
  • Hormonal Fluctuations.
  • Increase in acne causing bacteria propionibacterium acnes.

Types of Acne

  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Raised Red Bumps
  • Bumps with Pus
  • Painful Raised Bumps


  • Mostly seen on the face and back. But can also happen on shoulders, neck and chest.

Aggravating Factors

  • Oil based Creams & Heavy Makeup
  • Frequent oiling of hair
  • Touching, squeezing and picking
  • Massage and Scrubbing
  • Stress
  • Improper Diet
  • Pregnancy
  • Menses
  • Hot humid climate

Complications if NOT Treated Properly

  • Dark Spots and Uneven tone
  • Acne Scars (or commonly known as Holes in Skin)
  • Rough and Coarse Skin
  • Decrease in self confidence and self esteem.
  • Depression
  • Social and Academic difficulties.


  • Consulting the right doctor at the right time is the key in the management of acne.
  • Do not self medicate with over-the-counter creams.
  • Avoid Scrubbing and Massage
  • Avoid the use of Harsh Cleansers and Soaps
  • Shampoo your hair frequently and keep your scalp dry as the oil from the scalp tends to come on the face.
  • Avoid squeezing or picking the pimples.
  • Avoid sun exposure
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Use a mild cleanser to clean the face twice a day.
  • Apply a Sunscreen.
  • Use a light skin moisturizer and water based makeup.


  • Blackhead & Whitehead Removal
  • Anti Acne Creams & Medicines
  • Anti Acne Peels
  • Lifestyle Changes as suggested by the dermatologist.

Take Home Pearl

Consulting the right doctor at a proper time is the key to management in acne as self medication or improper Management may lead to worsening of acne dark spots and resultant acne scarring causing a cyclic worsening of the affected person’s anxiety about their appearance.