Acne also known as pimples is a condition commonly encountered in teenagers between age 15 to 25 years.
- Increase in Oil production by the oil glands of skin.
- Blockage of the skin pores by the dead cells.
- Hormonal Fluctuations.
- Increase in acne causing bacteria propionibacterium acnes.
Types of Acne
- Raised Red Bumps
- Bumps with Pus
- Painful Raised Bumps
- Mostly seen on the face and back. But can also happen on shoulders, neck and chest.
- Oil based Creams & Heavy Makeup
- Frequent oiling of hair
- Touching, squeezing and picking
- Massage and Scrubbing
- Improper Diet
- Hot humid climate
Complications if NOT Treated Properly
- Dark Spots and Uneven tone
- Acne Scars (or commonly known as Holes in Skin)
- Rough and Coarse Skin
- Decrease in self confidence and self esteem.
- Social and Academic difficulties.
- Consulting the right doctor at the right time is the key in the management of acne.
- Do not self medicate with over-the-counter creams.
- Avoid Scrubbing and Massage
- Avoid the use of Harsh Cleansers and Soaps
- Shampoo your hair frequently and keep your scalp dry as the oil from the scalp tends to come on the face.
- Avoid squeezing or picking the pimples.
- Avoid sun exposure
- Drink plenty of water
- Use a mild cleanser to clean the face twice a day.
- Apply a Sunscreen.
- Use a light skin moisturizer and water based makeup.
- Blackhead & Whitehead Removal
- Anti Acne Creams & Medicines
- Anti Acne Peels
- Lifestyle Changes as suggested by the dermatologist.
Take Home Pearl
Consulting the right doctor at a proper time is the key to management in acne as self medication or improper Management may lead to worsening of acne dark spots and resultant acne scarring causing a cyclic worsening of the affected person’s anxiety about their appearance.