Blogs

Dark Circles – Causes and treatments

What are dark circles ?

Dark circles also known as periorbital hypermelanosis is darkness or pigmentation around the eye area. Often it makes you look tired or sometimes older than your age.

 

What causes dark circles ?

1) Hereditary

2) Lack of sleep

3) Eye strain

4) Fatigue or exhaustion

5) Sun exposure

6) Allergies

7) Age

How to treat dark circles ?

 

At home treatments

1) Apply a cold compress

2) Get some extra sleep

3) Elevate your head

4) Soak with tea bags

5) Conceal with make up

In-Clinic treatments

1) Dark circle removal treatment ( DCR treatment)

2) Dark circle removal creams and serums

3) Eye peels

4) Q switch laser

  1. 5) Tissue FillersDark circles

How is the result of Dark circles treatment ?

With treatment, upto 80 Percent dark circles show good response and get cleared within 3 months 

 

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How to choose the Right Cleanser ?

Many people mistake cleansing to be something that simply cleans the skin and has little more effect, yet they couldn’t be more wrong. It’s one of the most important steps in your skin care routine.

Incorrect Cleansing can result in excessively oily or dry skin, sensitivities or even breakouts. Worst of all it can result in a compromised barrier of skin.

Everyone’s skin is unique & should be treated as such. It’s super important that your cleanser suits your needs – whether you’re oily, combination, dry, dehydrated or sensitive.

  • Make sure to use a cleanser that is designed for the face, not the body or an all in one.
  • You’re using makeup wipes to cleanse your face:
    Makeup wipes don’t clean your skin. They mostly smear around whatever makeup, dirt & dead skin is hanging out on your face, leaving a trail of irritated skin in their wake. Makeup removing wipes – just no. They are often heavily fragranced & PACKED with preservatives to keep ‘em fresh. I LOVE preservatives, but they can be irritating in high amounts when left on skin -& marketing convinced people that they DON’T need to wash off the residue from wipes! 𝗰𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴𝗲🤦‍♀️
  • You’re not washing your hands before cleansing:
    Here’s a fact: Your hands are nasty! They’re like sponges, picking up bacteria & dirt from anything you touch, it’s so important to wash them right before you cleanse (or touch your skin in any way)
  • Avoid fragranced cleansers (fragrance/perfume/limonene/linalool/essential oils)
  • Look for pH balanced cleanser, close to skin pH (pH 4.5-5.5)
  • Don’t use soap on your face. It’s alkaline-even close to pH of 10! Your skin is acidic & needs to stay this way to thrive.
  • Avoid SLS – Sodium LaurYL Sulfate. SLES (Sodium LaurETH Sulfate) is a MILDER surfactant & is OK. People often confuse those two & demonise both, when the second one is much gentler & can work good for oilier skin
  • Foam cleansers are suitable for people with excessively oily skin.
  • Cleansers with Salicylic acid or tea tree oil can be helpful for acne prone skin. But these Active ingredients work better when actually left on the skin😉
  • Oh & all the scrub cleansers – those are not for everyday use (I’d say those are honestly not for any use, at all). Creating micro-tears & damaging your skin barrier like that will only agitate the skin condition
  • Since we’re here, wash off micellar solution as well, even when the packaging says otherwise😅
  • I’ll finish with my ‘fave’ beauty-guru statement – “It left my skin squeaky clean!😍” Run away! Squeaky clean = depleted lipid barrier, you don’t want that.
    ❤️&💬

Do you have a cleanser you swear by ?

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Hormonal Acne

How to find out if your Acne is Hormonal ?

Hormonal acne

Acne also known as pimples can be divided into two types. One is the normal acne or teenage acne that happens in young age around 15 to 25 years. the other variant of acne is known as adult acne or hormonal acne that happens in the age group of 30 to 45 years. There are quite a few ways in which the hormonal acne differs from the normal acne. So let’s see how you can find out if you have hormonal acne :

1) When you see acne happening mainly around the jawline area then it’s more likely to be hormonal acne

2) If you feel your skin is too oily.

3) If acne lesions are big and painful

4) Hormonal acne tends to worsen with stress

5) Hormonal acne tends to increase near to your dates.

 

 

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Pimple clearing diet

PIMPLE CLEARING DIET

Almost everyone has to face a pimple in their life. Its annoying but unavoidable. For some people especially teenagers pimples are a regular thing that pops out every few days. But have you ever wondered that besides hormones, these pimples are greatly influenced by what we eat.

Yes ! Our diet plays a big role in causing or preventing pimples. There are some foods that are notorious to give you pimples once you consume them. Lets see.

The Pimple Clearing Diet : What NOT to Eat ?

1) Foods with High Glycemic Index

Glycemic Index is the capacity of a food item as to how fast and how much it can raise your blood sugar. The rise in the blood sugar triggers the series of events that signals your oil glands to produce more oil and result in new pimples. Foods with high glycemic index include refined carbohydrates and sugars like white bread, potato chips, cookies, cake and pastry.

2) Dairy products

Dairy products like milk, cheese, and curd provoke the release of insulin in your body. This insulin spike in turn causes acne. Also the milk proteins, casein and whey have been directly linked to acne.

3) Milk chocolates

The added sugar in the chocolates is mainly responsible for causing acne. Dark chocolates are usually safe and have not been known to cause pimples. So next time if you wanna grab a chocolate, go for 100 percent cocoa dark chocolate and not the sugary one.

4) Fast Foods

Fried foods and processed baked ones have unhealthy saturated and trans fats that can release pro inflammatory cytokines resulting in inflammation making the skin red and angry. So guys, say no to pizza and burger if you really don’t want a new pimple.

The Pimple Clearing Diet : What to Eat ?

FOODS TO EAT IN ACNE

1) Omega-3 fatty acids

Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids like avocado, walnuts and fatty fish have an anti-inflammatory effect and help in clearing out the inflammation from pimples and calming the skin.

2) Antioxidant rich fruits and veggies

Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants. The fight the free radicals and the inflammation there by preventing new pimples.

3) Nuts

Nuts such as walnuts and almonds are rich in Zinc and omega-3 fatty acids. Zinc in our body fights inflammation and works as an anti acne agent. It prevents new acne as well as helps settle down existing pimples.

4) Foods rich in Vitamin A

Foods rich in Vitamin A like spinach, sweet potatoes and carrots help in preventing new pimples.

5) Probiotics

 

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Foods for faster hair growth

7 Foods for Faster hair growth

7 Foods for Faster Hair Growth

Do you often see hair on your pillow when you get up in the morning ? Does your hair brush get filled with broken hair during combing ? Does shampooing your hair scare you as you see bunch of hairs on your hands ? The answer to these questions comes down to what you eat. Yes, we are what we eat. Diet is as important for hair, as for our body. Healthy hair come from a healthy diet. So here is a list of foods for hair growth.

1) Protein

Protein is the building block of hair. Hair is almost entirely made up of protein. Protein rich foods are the basis for having healthy hair growth. At least 50 grams of protein should be consumed daily to promote hair growth. In breakfast, dairy products, eggs and sprouts can be a good source of protein. In lunch and dinner , one can consume rajma, chhole, soyabean, curd, chicken and fish.

2) Iron

Hair also needs a good amount of Iron to grow. Iron deficiency is a major cause of hair fall in women. Lack of iron leads to hair loss. Spinach and other dark leafy greens are a good source of iron.

3) Vitamin C

Citrus fruits like oranges, sweet lime and lemon are a good source of vitamin C that is necessary for absorption of Iron.

4) Omega-3 fatty acids

You also need to consume nuts and seeds like cashew nuts, almonds, walnuts, sunflower seeds and flax seeds. These provide Omega-3 fatty acids which are essential fatty acids for hair growth.

5) Biotin

Whole grains provide biotin which is important in cell proliferation and production of amino acids.

6) Vitamin A

Carrots are a rich source of Vitamin A which is essential for the growth of hair cells and for the production of natural sebum oil that keeps the hair roots healthy by working as a natural conditioner for hair. Sweet potatoes are a rich source of beta carotene , the precursor of Vitamin A.

7) Vitamin E

Avocado is a rich source of Vitamin E. Vitamin E increases the blood circulation to the hair follicle so that it can now produce hair shafts more efficiently and lead to faster hair growth.

We hope that you liked our list of foods for faster hair growth. If your hair fall is less than 50 hair per day, we suggest that a balanced diet rich in protein, iron and vitamins will help you stop the hair fall as well as help hair grow faster. If your hair fall is more than 100 hair per day, you should consult your dermatologist for a proper Anti hair fall treatment. He may prescribe a hair supplement or hair serum necessary to control the hair fall.

Pay attention to your hair. It is the crown that you wear daily !!

 

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BACK ACNE

Back Acne – All you want to know !

Back Acne, Really ??

Yes, something known as back acne does exist. As your face has oil glands, so does your back and shoulders. When these oil glands get blocked by sebum and dead cells it results in acne.

Is it common ?

Back acne is quite common and mostly affects people between the ages of 15 to 30.

Is it Itchy ?

Yes, sometimes it is.

Why does it happen ?

It happens when the oil glands on the shoulders and back get blocked due to sebum and dead cells. This can happen under the effect of hormones.

What if i don’t take any treatment ?

Back acne can get really ugly if not treated. It can leave red to brown to black spots after healing. Also it can leave behind pits and uneven texture known as acne scars. Its much easier to treat back acne than the spots and scars.

How can I get it treated ?

It can be treated by having a proper course of pills that the doctor will prescribe. These pills will kill the acne causing bacteria. Also a proper anti acne wash and creams need to be applied to open up the blocked glands. Back peels are a real life saver for someone who has a severe back acne.

How long will it take to cure ?

It takes almost 2 to 3 months time to control back acne.

Will it never happen again ?

Maintenance is required after the completion of the treatment, if you don;t want it again !! Your skin doctor will guide you with the maintenance once you complete the treatment.

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laser hair removal

Laser Hair Removal

How does it Work ?

The laser targets the pigment melanin in the hair follicle. The pulsed light of the laser alters the pigment and the altered pigment destroys the hair root. This is the reason why the pigment melanin is necessary in the hair follicle for the laser to work properly. That’s why the laser hair removal works only on black hairs as it contains a good amount of pigment melanin.

 

How does it Feel ?

Laser hair removal is now a days painless. The new diode technology in laser hair removal feels like a warm sensation and there is no discomfort during the procedure.

 

How long the results last ?

There is upto 90 percent hair reduction in just 6 to 9 sittings of laser hair removal. Once to twice yearly maintainence sessions are needed once the desired results have been achieved.

 

Is it Painful ?

Laser hair removal is painless now a days.

 

How long does it take ?

Each sitting of laser hair removal is done at a gap of 2 months. A total of 6 to 9 sittings are required. So it takes about 1 year time for complete treatment of laser hair removal.

 

Is it worth it ?

Laser hair removal completely changes the way you feel about yourself and the way the others perceive you. It drastically changes your life and looks. It is hundred percent worth it. Go for it !!

 

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Acne

Acne also known as pimples is a condition commonly encountered in teenagers between age 15 to 25 years.

Cause

  • Increase in Oil production by the oil glands of skin.
  • Blockage of the skin pores by the dead cells.
  • Hormonal Fluctuations.
  • Increase in acne causing bacteria propionibacterium acnes.

Types of Acne

  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Raised Red Bumps
  • Bumps with Pus
  • Painful Raised Bumps

Presentation

  • Mostly seen on the face and back. But can also happen on shoulders, neck and chest.

Aggravating Factors

  • Oil based Creams & Heavy Makeup
  • Frequent oiling of hair
  • Touching, squeezing and picking
  • Massage and Scrubbing
  • Stress
  • Improper Diet
  • Pregnancy
  • Menses
  • Hot humid climate

Complications if NOT Treated Properly

  • Dark Spots and Uneven tone
  • Acne Scars (or commonly known as Holes in Skin)
  • Rough and Coarse Skin
  • Decrease in self confidence and self esteem.
  • Depression
  • Social and Academic difficulties.

Management

  • Consulting the right doctor at the right time is the key in the management of acne.
  • Do not self medicate with over-the-counter creams.
  • Avoid Scrubbing and Massage
  • Avoid the use of Harsh Cleansers and Soaps
  • Shampoo your hair frequently and keep your scalp dry as the oil from the scalp tends to come on the face.
  • Avoid squeezing or picking the pimples.
  • Avoid sun exposure
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Use a mild cleanser to clean the face twice a day.
  • Apply a Sunscreen.
  • Use a light skin moisturizer and water based makeup.

Treatment

  • Blackhead & Whitehead Removal
  • Anti Acne Creams & Medicines
  • Anti Acne Peels
  • Lifestyle Changes as suggested by the dermatologist.

Take Home Pearl

Consulting the right doctor at a proper time is the key to management in acne as self medication or improper Management may lead to worsening of acne dark spots and resultant acne scarring causing a cyclic worsening of the affected person’s anxiety about their appearance.

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FACE PEEL, CHEMICAL PEEL , BEFORE AND AFTER

Chemical Peel

Do you need a Chemical Peel ? Let us understand. Our skin is flawless and beautiful during our childhood, isnt it ? As the years pass, it becomes dull. looses its shine and smooth texture, fine lines and wrinkles develop, and of course we can notice some pigmentation as well. This is the cumulative result of sun exposure and pollution that reflects onto the top visible layer of our skin.

Our skin is made up of 5 layers, from top to bottom. The top layer suffers the maximum damage due to external environment. During childhood, this damage cannot be seen, as the top layer sheds away very fast, in a matter of few days, and a new layer from the bottom comes up and takes its place. This maintains the healthy flawless shine on the face.

As we age, the top layer loooses its capability to shed off and it stays there as a dead layer suffering all the damage and reflecting a dull wrinkled look. Here comes the need of a chemical peel, which sheds off this layer and allows a new healthy layer of skin to come and take its place bringing back the glory of face.

Face peels are safe procedures when done in safe hands. They are not painful and just take 30 minutes. Sun protection is required at least for 5 days after a face peel. Results are usually noticeable within 12 to 15 days.

Face peels are perfect for brides before marriage, for someone having an important event or a function, before a party (Pre Party Peel) , or just for maintainence of a healthy glowing skin.

Author
Dr. Nishant Makhija, MBBS, M.D.
Consultant Dermatologist
Makhija Skin Clinic , Raipur

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